Jan 23, 2018

IBPS PO_English_1


Directions (1-15): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed in the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A common belief, even among economists, is that inequality is greater in individualistic societies than in collectivist ones. Individualistic societies are generally ____(1)____  to be selfish and uncaring towards fellow human beings, which, it is __(2)____ , should cause them to suffer greater economic inequality. It is ____(3)___ said that in the absence of wealth redistribution by the government, individualistic societies will tend to aggravate inequality.


“Are individualistic societies less equal? Evidence from the parasite stress theory of values”, a 2017 paper by Boris Nikolaev, Christopher Boudreaux, and Rauf Salahodjaev __(4)__ in the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ____(5)____ , comes to a different conclusion. The authors find that income distribution is actually more equitable in individualistic societies than in collectivist ___(6)____. While this sounds counter-intuitive, it makes sense when the actual causes of economic inequality between people are considered.

What differentiates individualistic societies from their collectivist __(7)___ is their belief in individual freedom. So, while the population of an individualistic society might believe, for instance, that people are __(8)___  to the fruits of their labour, collectivist societies put more emphasis on the collective welfare of society. For the same reason, individualistic societies prefer a smaller government that imposes lower taxes and regulations on everyone, while collectivist societies ___(9)___ a larger government to impose a greater burden on the rich.

Interestingly, however, the creation of a larger government to redistribute wealth and uphold social justice does not lead to less inequality. In fact, a larger government __(10)__ greater opportunities for special interest groups to capture it and forward their own agenda. This __(11)___  in fewer economic opportunities for the wider population, which results in lower competition and greater economic inequality. Obviously, this is the opposite of what supporters of a collectivist government want, but reality works against their wishes.

On the other hand, under the rule of a smaller government, economic __(12)__ are available to a much wider population. Special interest groups have fewer opportunities to exploit the powers of the government, as there is less __(13)___  on the government to guide the economy in the first place. This leads to greater competition in individualistic societies, ___(14)___  translates to lower levels of economic inequality, as __(15)___ by the study.

Q1. 
(a)view
(b)imagined
(c)call
(d)considered
(e) name

Q2. 
(a)believed
(b)think
(c)considering
(d)mark
(e)put

Q3. 
(a)again
(b)repeated
(c)further
(d)back
(e)farther 

Q4. 
(a)noticed
(b)refer
(c)says
(d)published 
(e)outrage 

Q5. 
(a)from
(b)however
(c)great
(d)impose
(e) because

Q6. 
(a)owing
(b)ones
(c)own
(d)once
(e) one

Q7. 
(a)partnered 
(b)symbol
(c)colleague
(d)counterparts 
(e) set

Q8. 
(a)entitled
(b)understand
(c)seem
(d)reviewed
(e)consider

Q9. 
(a)prefer 
(b)motivated
(c)referred
(d)assuming
(e)activate

Q10. 
(a)see
(b)giving
(c)provides 
(d)handle
(e)perceive 

Q11. 
(a)causing
(b)edit
(c)made
(d)results
(e)support

Q12. 
(a)opportunities 
(b)scenario 
(c)light
(d)output
(e)path

Q13. 
(a)reliability
(b)reliance
(c)creation
(d)works
(e)interest 

Q14. 
(a)which
(b)who
(c)where
(d)reality
(e)when

Q15. 
(a)belief
(b)studied
(c)confirmed 
(d)inequality
(e)classifies


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IBPS SO-Marketing Quiz_Solution



1.Body Shop and Benetton an examples of companies which have employed _____________ as a market entry strategy.
(1)franchising
(2)exporting
(3)joint ventures
(4)licensing
(5)None of these

2.Which approach to international marketing involves least risk and minimum effort?
(1)licensing
(2)exporting
(3)franchising
(4)joint venturing
(5)None of these

3. What two factors determine prices in a market?
(1) Demand and supply
(2) Inflation and unemployment
(3) Number of buyers and sellers
(4) Interest rates and exchange rates
(5) None of these

4. Government economic policy based on taxation and public expenditure is known as :
(1) Monetary policy
(2) Fiscal policy
(3) Economic policy
(4) Spending policy
(5) None of these

5. A ________ is someone seeking a response (attention, a purchase, a vote, a donation) from another party, called the ________.
(1) salesperson; customer
(2) fund-raiser; contributor
(3) politician; voter
(4) marketer; prospect
(5) celebrity; audience

6.ICI has subsidiaries in mare countries. ICI is
(1)an exporter
(2)a licensing company
(3)a trading company
(4)a multinational company
(5)None of these

7.As Pankaj Parashar runs out of shaving cream, he tries to remember what he did the last time this happened. He is engaging in:
(1)external search
(2)evoked set development
(3)internal search
(4)cognitive dissonance
(5)None of these

8.Prateek  has left her parents' home and moved into a new flat. She is spending considerable time and effort in comparing the ranges of furniture in different retail stores. Which type of decision-making process is she using?
(1)Selective
(2)Intensive
(3)Extensive
(4)Shopping
(5)None of these

9.The major factors used to divide markets into consumer markets or organizational markets are the
(1)buyer characteristics and size of purchases
(2)product prices and buyer characteristics
(3)buyer characteristics and the purposes for which they buy products
(4)buyer characteristics and product characteristics
(5)None of these

10. Micro economics is concerned with
A) Optimal production decisions
B) Optimal resource allocation
C) Pricing policy
(1) Only (A)  
(2) Only (B)  
(3) Only (C)  
(4) Both (A) & (B)  
(5) All (A), (B) & (C)

11.Which product is MOST likely be purchased through routine decision making? 
(1)Car
(2)Desk
(3)Shirt
(4)Soft drink
(5)None of these

12. Market Expansion means-
(1) hiring more staff
(2) firing more staff
(3) buying more products
(4) buying more companies
(5) None of above

13. When price of good is held above equilibrium price, normal result will be
(1) Excess demand
(2) Increase in supply
(3) Increase in demand
(4) Surplus of product
(5) None of these

14. In choosing the proper media to carry the message, advertisers must decide on ________. 
(1) strategy, users, and media 
(2) target markets, users, and heavy users
(3) markets, target markets, and consumers
(4) reach, impact, and television stations
(5) reach, frequency, and impact

15. When two or more brands or companies team up on coupons, refunds, and contests to increase pulling power, it is called ________. 
(1) price packs 
(2) frequency promotions 
(3) team promoting 
(4) tie-in promotions 
(5) cross-promotions



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Jan 20, 2018

IBPS SO-Marketing Quiz


1.Body Shop and Benetton an examples of companies which have employed _____________ as a market entry strategy.
(1)franchising
(2)exporting
(3)joint ventures
(4)licensing
(5)None of these

2.Which approach to international marketing involves least risk and minimum effort?
(1)licensing
(2)exporting
(3)franchising
(4)joint venturing
(5)None of these

3. What two factors determine prices in a market?
(1) Demand and supply
(2) Inflation and unemployment
(3) Number of buyers and sellers
(4) Interest rates and exchange rates
(5) None of these

4. Government economic policy based on taxation and public expenditure is known as :
(1) Monetary policy
(2) Fiscal policy
(3) Economic policy
(4) Spending policy
(5) None of these

5. A ________ is someone seeking a response (attention, a purchase, a vote, a donation) from another party, called the ________.
(1) salesperson; customer
(2) fund-raiser; contributor
(3) politician; voter
(4) marketer; prospect
(5) celebrity; audience

6.ICI has subsidiaries in mare countries. ICI is
(1)an exporter
(2)a licensing company
(3)a trading company
(4)a multinational company
(5)None of these

7.As Pankaj Parashar runs out of shaving cream, he tries to remember what he did the last time this happened. He is engaging in:
(1)external search
(2)evoked set development
(3)internal search
(4)cognitive dissonance
(5)None of these

8.Prateek  has left her parents' home and moved into a new flat. She is spending considerable time and effort in comparing the ranges of furniture in different retail stores. Which type of decision-making process is she using?
(1)Selective
(2)Intensive
(3)Extensive
(4)Shopping
(5)None of these

9.The major factors used to divide markets into consumer markets or organizational markets are the
(1)buyer characteristics and size of purchases
(2)product prices and buyer characteristics
(3)buyer characteristics and the purposes for which they buy products
(4)buyer characteristics and product characteristics
(5)None of these

10. Micro economics is concerned with
A) Optimal production decisions
B) Optimal resource allocation
C) Pricing policy
(1) Only (A)  
(2) Only (B)  
(3) Only (C)
(4) Both (A) & (B)  
(5) All (A), (B) & (C)

11.Which product is MOST likely be purchased through routine decision making? 
(1)Car
(2)Desk
(3)Shirt
(4)Soft drink
(5)None of these

12. Market Expansion means-
(1) hiring more staff
(2) firing more staff
(3) buying more products
(4) buying more companies
(5) None of above

13. When price of good is held above equilibrium price, normal result will be
(1) Excess demand
(2) Increase in supply
(3) Increase in demand
(4) Surplus of product
(5) None of these

14. In choosing the proper media to carry the message, advertisers must decide on ________. 
(1) strategy, users, and media 
(2) target markets, users, and heavy users
(3) markets, target markets, and consumers
(4) reach, impact, and television stations
(5) reach, frequency, and impact

15. When two or more brands or companies team up on coupons, refunds, and contests to increase pulling power, it is called ________. 
(1) price packs 
(2) frequency promotions 
(3) team promoting 
(4) tie-in promotions 
(5) cross-promotions



For more details Click Here






Dec 20, 2017

Central Government Schools such as NVS/ KVS/ Tibetan School etc as a Teacher



Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is organized by Central Board of Secondary Education for aspirants having desire to join Central Government Schools such as NVS/ KVS/ Tibetan School etc as a Teacher. It is an All India level entrance exam conducted every year. States who do not organize Teacher Eligibility Test recruit candidates on the basis of their CTET score only.

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STRUCTURE AND CONTENT OF CTET
All questions in CTET test will be Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), each carrying one mark, with four alternatives out of which one answer will be correct. There will be no negative marking.
There will be two papers of CTET.
(i) Paper I will be for a person who intends to be a teacher for classes I to V.
(ii) Paper II will be for a person who intends to be a teacher for classes VI to VIII.
Note: A person who intends to be a teacher for both levels (classes I to V and classes VI to VIII) will have to appear in both the papers (Paper I and Paper II).
Paper I (for classes I to V) Primary Stage
Duration of examination: Two-and-a-half hours
Structure and Content (All Compulsory):
 Subjects
MCQ’s
Marks
30
30
  Language I
30
30
  Language II
30
30
  Mathematics
30
30
  Environmental Studies:
30
30
  Total
150 MCQ’s
150 Marks

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•The test items on Child Development and Pedagogy will focus on educational psychology of teaching and learning relevant to the age group of 6-11 years. They will focus on understanding the characteristics and needs of diverse learners, interaction with learners and the attributes and qualities of a good facilitator of learning.
•The Test items in Language I will focus on the proficiencies related to the medium of instruction.
•The Test items in language II will focus on the elements of language, communication and comprehension abilities.
•Language II will be a language other than Language I. A candidate may choose any one language as Language I and other as Language II from the available language options.
•The Test items in Mathematics and Environmental Studies will focus on the concepts, problem solving abilities and pedagogical understanding of the subjects. In all these subject areas, the test items will be evenly distributed over different divisions of the syllabus of that subject prescribed for classes I – V by the NCERT/CBSE.
•The questions in the test for Paper I will be based on the topics prescribed in syllabus of the NCERT/CBSE for classes I – V but their difficulty standard as well as linkages, could be up to the Secondary stage.
Paper II (for classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage
Duration of examination: Two-and-a-half hours
Structure and Content (All Compulsory):
 Subjects
MCQ’s
Marks
 Child Development and Pedagogy (compulsory)
30
30
  Language I ( compulsory)
30
30
  Language II ( compulsory)
30
30
     (a) For Mathematics and Science teacher

    (b) For Social Studies/Social Science teacher

     (c) For any other teacher – either (a) or (b)
60

60
60

60
  Total
150 MCQ’s
150 Marks

•The test items on Child Development and Pedagogy will focus on educational psychology of teaching and learning, relevant to the age group of 11-14 years. They will focus on understanding the characteristics, needs and psychology of diverse learners, interaction with learners and the attributes and qualities of a good facilitator of learning.
•The Test items in Language I will focus on the profihttp://www.pinnacleinstitute.co.in/ctet.phpciencies related to the medium of instruction.
•The Test items in language II will focus on the elements of language, communication and comprehension abilities.
•Language II will be a language other than Language I. A candidate may choose any one language as Language I and other as Language II from the available language options.
•The Test items in Mathematics and Science, and Social Studies/Social Science will focus on the concepts, problem solving abilities and pedagogical understanding of the subjects. The test items of Mathematics and Science will of 30 marks each based on the divisions of the syllabus of that subject as prescribed for classes VI - VIII by the NCERT/CBSE.
•The questions in the test for Paper II will be based on the topics prescribed in syllabus of the NCERT/CBSE for classes VI - VIII but their difficulty standard as well as linkages, could be up to the Senior Secondary stage.



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IBPS PO_English_1

Directions (1-15): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed in the passage...